Sunday, 18 March 2018
Diabetes Editor Choice

difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes

difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Diabetes is an important and common disease, It is therefore necessary to know This disease, the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, let us start:

High blood sugar level in the human body is referred to as ‘diabetes’ in everyday language. In medical terms, it is referred to as diabetes mellitus.

You maybe already aware that it is, sadly, very common in people as recent stats show that every two out of seven people are diabetic. The worst thing about this health scare is the fact that it does not stop at one point and leads to several other complications.

In this article, we talk about this disease:

  • what is diabetes?difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes
  • what are the symptoms of diabetes?
  • what causes diabetes? and possible diabetes.

With proper care and treatment all risks can be eliminated and the blood sugar levels in the body can be balanced well.

For people who are diabetic patients, the information provided in this content below can be helpful to control and treat their disease.

And those who are blessed to not have this disease, can use it as a reference to get knowledge and spread awareness.

General Facts About difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes

  • There are over 320 hundred million people suffer from diabetes of any type i.e. type 1 or 2.
  • Diabetes type 2 is more common that type 1.
  • Diabetes is not curable.
  • It can be controlled but it is a life-long disease. Hence, once it appears, it is unlikely to be cured completely (as said earlier).
  • Many people do not know much about Diabetes type 1.
  • Type 1 diabetes happens when liver is making insufficient insulin for the body to maintain blood sugar level.

Definition of Diabetes

Diabetes is a medical condition in which the patient suffers from increased levels of blood sugar in the body. Diabetes is not uncommon and certainly not a rare health problem as well. Therefore, it is not something that should be treated as life-threatening. Whilst there is no 100% cure for diabetes, it can surely be managed and regulated throughout life with a little extra care and attention.

Precursors of Diabetes

Interestingly, diabetes is no something that happens suddenly on its own. Rather there are many factors that serve as the underlying precursors to result in the onset of this health condition. The two possible factors that results in a person becoming diabetic can be either one of the following.

1. The body is not producing enough insulin to tackle the excess production of blood sugar.

2. The body cells are not reacting properly enough to the insulin that is being produced inside the body.

what causes diabetes?

Diabetes is though a natural condition but there are surely several common factors that eventually lead to the onset and development of diabetic condition inside the human body. Let’s have a look at the common factors that are causes of diabetes.

  • Genetics

It is scientifically proven that diabetes is a genetically inherent disease that runs in the family. The genetic makeup of people who suffer from diabetes is altered and which will pass from one generation to another.

  • Obesitydifference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

Obesity is a usual suspect. Research has proven that it one of the most common causes of diabetes and also many other chronic diseases.

  • Age

It is reported that normally diabetes type-2 is diagnosed in patients that are over 35 to 40 years of age.

  • Broken Down Beta Cells

The cells that are responsible for producing insulin break down and are unable to send the insulin in the right direction.

  • Race and Ethnicity

Studies reveal that people who belong to the African, Chinese, Japanese and Asian ethnicity are prone to be diagnosed with Diabetes than in any other part of the world.

Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is further sub-categorized into many divisions based on its nature of occurrence. The two most common types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 and type 2. Moreover, another third type of diabetes is very common but it is temporary and ceases with time. This is known as gestational diabetes. Let’s take a look at each one in-depth below, and to know the difference between type I and type 2 as well as gestational diabetes.

1.Type 1 Diabetes

Only every 3 out of 100 diabetic patients have the first type of diabetes. It is the less common type of diabetes. In this condition, in which the body does not or is unable to produce a specified amount of insulin in the body. As a result of this, the blood glucose level increases abnormally. It can appear in a person of any age; young or old.

2. Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the common type of diabetes. The type 2 diabetes is not because of lack of enough insulin or shortage of insulin production in the human body. It results in the body cells not responding well to the insulin that is produced in the body. This results in the blood sugar levels dramatically rising above an optimal level.

Unlike type 1, there is an age specification for this disease to appear in individuals. It is more common in people aged 25 years or above. So, this means the stats for diabetes type 2 are much less in children in comparison to grown up adults.

3. Gestational Diabetes

difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a condition that develops amongst women during pregnancy. In this condition, the blood sugar level of the expectant mother increases and crosses a point that is more than normal. According to average statistics, every one out of 10 pregnant women suffers through diabetes of this form. This type of diabetes is diagnosed in the later stages of pregnancy i.e. usually during the third trimester or towards the end of the second one.

Gestational diabetes is fortunately temporary and does not last for a long time. It normally ceases after a woman gives birth. Gestational diabetes occurs when the body of a pregnant woman fails to produce adequate amounts of insulin as a result of which the blood sugar levels cannot be regulated. It is best to seek help from the gynecologist immediately in such case.


Common differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Despite the uncertainty that most of the time surrounds the diagnosis of diabetics, but there are few common characteristics for each type of diabetes.

In this table is a rough guide to the differences between type I and type 2 diabetes, rather than difficult and rapid rules.differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Varying Symptoms of Diabetes

Diabetes is a common health problem that can appear in men, women and children as well. It is also reported that since diabetes is a genetically inherent disease it is also present in some children at the time of birth. The general symptoms of diabetes remain to be common but the symptoms of diabetes in men and women and the symptoms of diabetes in children may vary to some extent. The symptoms might also differ depending on the type of diabetes and gender as well. Let’s look at the differences in diabetes symptoms for each type.

Symptoms of Diabetes in Men

  • We will have a look at the symptoms that are more frequent and common in men.
  • Dizziness and excessive fatigue.
  • Polydipsia – polydipsia refers to extreme thirst which is endless and does not go away.
  • Itchiness around the penis or the genitals.
  • Diabetes leads to the constriction and contraction of the blood vessels that results in reduced blood supply to the eyes and the outcome is poor eyesight or blurry vision.
  • Erectile dysfunction – An erectile dysfunction is the inability of the penis to get erect or hard during sexual intercourse. As diabetes restricts the blood flow to different organs of the body because of the constricted blood vessels, a chemical which erects the penis and hold it hard during sexual intercourse fails to reach the penis and this results in the powerlessness of the penis.
  • Numbness and continuous pain in the fingers and joints of the hands and limbs.
  • Persistent Genital Thrush. The periodic genital thrush includes the redness or welling of the penis during or after indulging in sexual activity.

Symptoms of Diabetes in Women

The symptoms of diabetes in women differ significantly from those found in men. Let’s have a look.

  • The first and early most symptoms are the urge to go to the bathroom more. You will find yourself paying more frequent visits to the loo.
  • You will feel thirsty and will feel the need to stay hydrated more. This may also be because of the frequent washroom trips.
  • You will start feeling hungry more than often. Strong hunger pangs after every 2, 3 hours are common.
  • Diabetes makes you feel worn out or exhausted throughout the day. You will get the feeling to never leave the bed or will not have the energy to do so.
  • Rapid and unexplainable weight loss is one of the symptoms of diabetes type 2. However, it is also commonly observed in the other type as well.
  • Diabetes will start making you feel numb. You will begin to get tingling or ticklish sensations in the fingers tips or toes.
  • Diabetes also causes the vision to get blurry. You will find it hard to focus on any one thing for a long time.
  • One commonly observed symptom of diabetes is when your bruises, cuts or injuries do not heal fast enough.

Symptoms of Diabetes in Children

Most significantly it is observed that the symptoms of diabetes in adults are different to those found in children. This is why it is important to explore the symptoms of diabetes in children separately as well. These include:

  • Urinating twice more times than normal.difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes
  • Lack of appetite
  • Lack of energy.
  • Restlessness and lethargy.
  • Heavy or difficulty in breathing.
  • Being very thirsty and being thirsty within short intervals of time.
  • Fatigue and drowsiness.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Slow physical development and growth.
  • Vision changes such as extreme sudden blurred vision.


Regulating and Maintaining Diabetes

As already mentioned, there is no definite cure for diabetes. The only treatment of diabetes is to take drugs or insulin injections (in case of type 2) to maintain the sugar level in blood. So, simply the treatment is all about keeping track of your blood glucose level. You can:

  • Make a change in your living style – You can’t be the same person as you were before diagnosed as diabetic. And you have to change your lifestyle to a healthy one for treating your condition well.
  • It is much important to not only cut down on the sugar but also to keep an eye on what type of fruits, vegetables, meats you are consuming on daily basis.
  • As much as it is difficult to take medication every single day, you have to take it because that’s the only way you will get through.
  • There are over hundreds over medicine that have been found till date for the effective control of blood sugar. These medicines include Glucophage, Novolog and Xavor.
  • Blood sugar monitoring is very important to keep a check on daily fluctuations of the blood sugar.


Healthy Diet for Diabetic Patients

It is important for all diabetic patients to follow a healthy and controlled diet. A myth among people is to just keep away from sugar. This is however, only half the truth. Sugar alone is not responsible for diabetes and cutting it down will simply not help. You will have to follow a complete diet plan if you wish to lead a healthy and normal life.

1. Fresh Fruits

difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

Even though fruits contain a good amount of natural sugars, it does not have any adverse effect on your health. In fact, doctors recommend that you take three to four whole fruits in a day. These fruits may include banana, oranges, strawberries, blueberries, kiwi fruit, apples and similar fruits rich in natural minerals. Mangoes and dried dates are avoided because of its high sugar content.


2. Whole Grains

Whole grain is found in bulk quantities in foods like whole wheat pasta, whole wheat bread, bran bread and brown rice. Studies reveal that people who consume whole wheat at least a minimum three times every day are at a lower risk of developing diabetes type 2 in comparison to people who intake whole grain in lesser quantity.

3. Nuts

Nuts are rich and high in fiber and have shown by studies to lower the risks of diabetes type 2.

4. Lean Cut Proteins

Lean cuts of meat, preferably poultry chicken, white meat and fish are the right choice.


Natural Remedies for Diabetes

Whilst there is no definite treatment possible for diabetes, the one thing that is pretty clear up till now is that diabetes can be well-controlled enough to lead a normal and healthy life. There are several natural remedies through which diabetes can be regulated.

  • Figs are a natural herb/vegetable which is greatly used in the Mediterranean and western cuisine.
  • Fig Leaves are popular for providing a natural remedy to treat diabetes. By saying ‘’treat’ we mean it helps in its regulation.
  • Other than effectively controlling diabetes, fig leaves have other countless benefits as well. They are also beneficial for heart problems, hypertension, skin problems etc.
  • Researches have suggested that Cinnamon is an excellent natural ingredient and is very effective in controlling Diabetes for longer periods of time.
  • There is one side effect or adverse impact of using cinnamon excessively.
  • It is not advised for patients who have hypertension. Using it to treat diabetes may cause it to as a result increase the blood pressure.
  • Studies reveal that the use of Vitamin C can be very effective in the treatment of Diabetes.
  • It is recommended for all diabetic patients to intake at least 100 grams minimum and 500-gram maximum of Vitamin C every day.
  • In addition to treating diabetes, Vitamin C is also beneficial for protecting the eye and nervous damage.


Understanding Pre-Diabetic Condition

It is of utmost importance to understand what pre-diabetes is. Having adequate knowledge and awareness about pre-diabetes can actually prevent the onset of diabetes in the first place. If nothing else, it helps one to be prepared for the life-long challenge he is about to face. Therefore, pre-diabetic condition should not be treated as a separate entity but rather an important constituent of the diabetic phenomenon itself.

Pre-diabetic condition is when the person is standing on the verge of developing diabetes but is still not diagnosed with it. This is more like a notification sent out to make you realize that the blood sugar levels of your body are higher than they should be in normal conditions. If you do not take immediate action, then it is most likely going to develop into diabetes and lead to other adverse consequences as well.


Difference Between Diabetes and Pre-Diabetic Condition

It is very important to recognize and acknowledge the fact that diabetes and pre-diabetes are two different things. A person who is pre-diabetic is not 100% prone to developing diabetes or vice versa. Pre-diabetic condition is actually not a health problem at all but rather an alarm that goes off to alert the person for an upcoming challenge. It is common knowledge that diabetes is not curable. However, you can definitely treat pre-diabetes and prevent it from getting any worse with little lifestyle changes and modifications.


Symptoms of Pre-Diabetic Patients

It is important to acknowledge the fact that the symptoms of pre-diabetes greatly differ from the actual symptoms of diabetes itself. The symptoms of pre-diabetes are not absolute but only signs that randomly indicate towards a condition that is deviant to normal. The most common symptoms of pre-diabetic patients include.

  • Excessive feeling of tiredness and exhaustion.
  • Blurred visual abilities.
  • Unexplainable changes in the body weight.
  • Dryness of throat.
  • Injuries fail to heal properly.

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